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Firebase Phone Authentication - Example

Hi Friends. In this tutorial, we will learn how to implement firebase phone authentication with it's origin.

Digits is an Simple User Phone Authentication Service to create easy login experience. Now Digits is acquired by Google's Firebase and it provides free service for limited amount of authentication per month. However, if you need to sign in a very high volume of users with phone authentication, you might need to upgrade your pricing plan. See the pricing page. 

You can use Firebase Authentication to sign in a user by sending an SMS message to the user's phone. The user signs in using a one-time code contained in the SMS message.

Setup Firebase

To setup firebase in your project, read previous post. After setting up, open Authentication sign in method and enable phone authentication method.


You should Add SHA Fingerprint in your application. To get SHA Fingerprint use the following Code with Command Prompt in Windows
keytool -list -v -keystore "%USERPROFILE%\.android\debug.keystore" -alias androiddebugkey -storepass android -keypass android

Coding Part

Add the dependency for Firebase Authentication to your app-level build.gradle file:
dependencies {
    ...
    compile 'com.google.firebase:firebase-auth:11.0.0'
}
// Add to the bottom of the file
apply plugin: 'com.google.gms.google-services'
Add the dependency for Play Services to your project-level build.gradle file:
dependencies {
    ...
    classpath 'com.google.gms:google-services:3.1.0'
}

Send a verification code to the user's phone

To initiate phone number sign-in, present the user an interface that prompts them to type their phone number. Send OTP to user by pass their phone number to the PhoneAuthProvider.verifyPhoneNumber method to request that Firebase verify the user's phone number. For example,
PhoneAuthProvider.getInstance().verifyPhoneNumber(
                phoneNumber,        // Phone number to verify
                60,                 // Timeout duration
                TimeUnit.SECONDS,   // Unit of timeout
                this,               // Activity (for callback binding)
                mCallbacks);        // OnVerificationStateChangedCallbacks
mCallbacks is used to know the verification status and the callback method is implemented as in the following
mCallbacks = new PhoneAuthProvider.OnVerificationStateChangedCallbacks() {
    @Override
    public void onVerificationCompleted(PhoneAuthCredential credential) {
        Log.d(TAG, "onVerificationCompleted:" + credential);
        signInWithPhoneAuthCredential(credential);
    }

    @Override
    public void onVerificationFailed(FirebaseException e) {
        Log.w(TAG, "onVerificationFailed", e);
        if (e instanceof FirebaseAuthInvalidCredentialsException) {
            mPhoneNumberField.setError("Invalid phone number.");
        } else if (e instanceof FirebaseTooManyRequestsException) {
            Snackbar.make(findViewById(android.R.id.content), "Quota exceeded.",
                    Snackbar.LENGTH_SHORT).show();
        }
    }

    @Override
    public void onCodeSent(String verificationId,
                           PhoneAuthProvider.ForceResendingToken token) {
        Log.d(TAG, "onCodeSent:" + verificationId);
        mVerificationId = verificationId;
        mResendToken = token;
    }
};
onVerificationCompleted(PhoneAuthCredential)
This method is called, when the user number verified successfully.

onVerificationFailed(FirebaseException)
This method is called, when error occurred during verification.

onCodeSent(String verificationId, PhoneAuthProvider.ForceResendingToken)
This method is called when the verification code is send to user via SMS.

Create a PhoneAuthCredential object

The phone auth credits are created as in the following snippet
PhoneAuthCredential credential = PhoneAuthProvider.getCredential(verificationId, code);
// verificationId can be found in onCodeSent function in callback functionality
// code is retrieved from SMS send by Firebase
Then we can verify and store the Phone Authentication user details by using the following method.
mAuth.signInWithCredential(credential)
            .addOnCompleteListener(this, new OnCompleteListener() {
                @Override
                public void onComplete(@NonNull Task task) {
                    if (task.isSuccessful()) {
                        Log.d(TAG, "signInWithCredential:success");
                        FirebaseUser user = task.getResult().getUser();
                        startActivity(new Intent(PhoneAuthActivity.this, MainActivity.class));
                        finish();
                    } else {
                        Log.w(TAG, "signInWithCredential:failure", task.getException());
                        if (task.getException() instanceof FirebaseAuthInvalidCredentialsException) {
                            mVerificationField.setError("Invalid code.");
                        }
                    }
                }
            });

Sign Out

To sign out from your Application just use signout method in your Auth method.
FirebaseAuth mAuth = FirebaseAuth.getInstance();
mAuth.signOut();

Download Code:

You can download the full source from the following Github link. If you Like this tutorial, Please star it in Github.
    
Download From Github

Post your doubts and comments in the comments section.